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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-12

Avicenna's contribution to cardiology


1 Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
2 King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mohammed A.R. Chamsi-Pasha
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 982265 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0770.127415

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Ibn Sina, known in the West as Avicenna, was the most famous and influential of all the Islamic philosopher-scientists. His most important medical works are the Canon of Medicine medical encyclopedia and a treatise on cardiac drugs. His Canon of Medicine remained the standard text in both the East and West until the 16 th century. Avicenna's description of cardiac diseases was logically presented perhaps for the first time in the history of medicine. Avicenna was the first to describe carotid sinus hypersensitivity, which presents with vasovagal syncope. He was a pioneer in pulsology and the first correct explanation of pulsation was given by Avicenna, after he refined Galen's theory of the pulse. Besides, he discussed the action of available drugs on the heart in details and mentioned their indications and contraindications. In conclusion, Avicenna made important contributions to cardiology. This article describes some of his contributions in this field.


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