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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 96-102

Ebola virus disease: Essential clinical knowledge

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Dalaton Primary Health Centre, Ministry of Health; Department of Clinical Pharmacology; Student Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
3 Student Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Omar Ali Aboshady
Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Yassin Abdelghaffar Street, Shebin El-Kom, Menoufia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajm.AJM_150_16

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Since its initial outbreak in 1976, Ebola virus disease (EVD) has affected thousands of people, causing severe illness with high mortality rates. In the absence of a vaccine or effective specific treatment, as well as the lack of early diagnostic and detective methods, the EVD outbreak has generated a significant worldwide health concern. Insufficient health-care system resources, deficient infection control measures, and the shortage of appropriate personal protective equipment acted as amplifiers of the outbreak extension, especially in poorly resourced and unprepared communities. Operating on the frontlines, health-care workers must be familiar, not only with the identification of the disease, but also with the ability to protect themselves and initiate the appropriate response. This review seeks to provide essential information required to identify and manage the disease, with an emphasis on pathogenesis, transmission, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. We conducted a literature search in MEDLINE/PubMed and Google Scholar using the following keywords: “Ebola, Ebola virus disease, Hemorrhagic Fever, Outbreak.” We included all types of publications. To augment our study, we searched the reference lists of identified reviews.

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