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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-9

Status of 25-hydroxy vitamin D level in simple febrile seizures and its correlation with recurrence of seizures

1 Department of Paediatrics, World college of Medical sciences and research institute, Haryana, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, Government Medical College Srinagar, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Gastroenterology, Vikas Hospital Private Limited, Najafgarh, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Medicine, Vikas Hospital Private Limited Najafgarh, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jehangir A Bhat
Consultant Department of Pediatrics, Vikas Hospital private limited Najafgarh, New Delhi 110043.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajm.ajm_57_19

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Background: Febrile seizures are associated with a lot of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors. Extensive research is currently going on to discover more and more risk factors of febrile seizures, so that they can be modified to decrease their incidence and recurrence. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the status of 25-hydroxy vitamin D in children presented with simple febrile seizures and to find its correlation with recurrence of seizures. Materials and Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted on 223 children of age group 7–59 months who presented with simple febrile seizures. 25-hydroxy vitamin D were sent to laboratory for quantitative estimation. All data were recorded, status of vitamin D in these children was analyzed, and statistical significance of correlation of vitamin D with the number of recurrent seizure episodes was derived. Statistical Analysis: The comparison among groups was carried out by analysis of variance and correlation was conducted by Pearson’s correlation analysis. A value of P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: 25-hydroxy vitamin D insufficiency was present in 43.5% of the children, deficiency in 30.85 %, and normal level in 25.56% of children who had simple febrile seizures. Majority of the children presented with recurrent episodes of seizures had vitamin D deficiency followed by insufficiency and normal level. Comparison of Vitamin D showed significant negative correlation (As vitamin D level increases frequency of seizure febrile seizure recurrence decreases and vice versa) with recurrence of simple febrile seizures. Conclusion: Deficiency of vitamin D is associated significantly with simple febrile seizures and their recurrence is negatively correlated with it.

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