Avicenna Journal of Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 189--197

A systematic review of contemporary evidence on SARS-CoV-2 and HIV coinfection: What does it look like up to date?


Mohammad Abrar Shareef1, Hafss M Bashaiwth2, Abdullah O AlAkbari2, Marwan S Bahamran3, Maryam O AlAmodi4, Salem H Albaiti4, Meryam A Ali5, Abdulaziz M Eshaq4, Khaled Alkattan6, Abdulhadi A Alamodi7 
1 Department of Family Mdicine, Sebasticook Valley Hospital, Pittsfield, Maine, USA
2 College of Medicine, Alfaisal University , Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 College of Medicine, Hadhramout University, Mukalla, Yemen
4 College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Jackson State University, Jackson, MS, USA
6 College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saint Helena
7 School of Public Health, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abdulhadi A Alamodi
School of Public Health, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS
USA

Background: Preexisting alteration of the immune system by factors including older age, cardiovascular diseases, morbid obesity, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have detrimental effects on SARS-CoV-2 patients. Literature regarding SARS-CoV-2/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is still developing. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the existing literature pertaining to SARS-CoV-2/HIV coinfection systematically. Research records’ characteristics and patients’ clinical data were collected. Results: Seven research records were included, of which three were case series and four were case reports, reporting a total of 16 cases. There was one case of death, whereas (15/16) patients were discharged home. Majority of patients developed consistent clinical presentation of SARS-CoV-2. All patients had initial positive RT-PCR results, and four cases had HIV-related lymphopenia. Conclusion: Although the current literature is still growing to increase our understanding of SARS-CoV-2/HIV coinfection, people living with HIV should adhere to the guidelines of healthy behavior and practice during this pandemic.


How to cite this article:
Shareef MA, Bashaiwth HM, AlAkbari AO, Bahamran MS, AlAmodi MO, Albaiti SH, Ali MA, Eshaq AM, Alkattan K, Alamodi AA. A systematic review of contemporary evidence on SARS-CoV-2 and HIV coinfection: What does it look like up to date?.Avicenna J Med 2020;10:189-197


How to cite this URL:
Shareef MA, Bashaiwth HM, AlAkbari AO, Bahamran MS, AlAmodi MO, Albaiti SH, Ali MA, Eshaq AM, Alkattan K, Alamodi AA. A systematic review of contemporary evidence on SARS-CoV-2 and HIV coinfection: What does it look like up to date?. Avicenna J Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Dec 2 ];10:189-197
Available from: https://www.avicennajmed.com/article.asp?issn=2231-0770;year=2020;volume=10;issue=4;spage=189;epage=197;aulast=Shareef;type=0